Bloom’s taxonomy & HOTS and LOTS is directly linked to the cognition stage of the 4 Cs that we looked at in the previous unit.
Named after Benjamin Bloom, an American educational psychologist, Bloom’s taxonomy is a hierarchical ordering of cognitive skills – see the example below.
Bloom’s original taxonomy has been modified various times since its publication (even by Bloom himself) and we should not consider the 6 categories as fixed and rigid but instead guidelines that can help us improve our CLIL teaching. Traditionally, teaching has focused on the 3 lower order thinking skills (LOTS), knowledge, comprehension and application. In CLIL we strive to introduce more of the 3 higher order thinking skills (HOTS) analysis, synthesis and evaluation (which can be difficult to do!).
By having Bloom’s taxonomy at our disposal, we are in a better position to be able to see if we are teaching mostly LOTS or HOTS and are then able to adjust our lessons to get a more even balance of the two.
If you are or going to be a CLIL teacher, stick Bloom’s taxonomy up in your office so you can refer to it easily and often 🙂
The following video (which calls LOTS ‘skinny’ questions and HOTS ‘fat’ questions) provides a good introduction.